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BRIC (typically rendered as “the BRICs” or “the BRIC countries” or known as the “Big Four”) is a grouping acronym that refers to the countries of Brazil, Russia, India, and China that are deemed to all be at a similar stage of newly advanced economic development. The four countries, combined, currently account for more than a quarter of the world's land area and more than 40% of the world's population. Some economists believe the economic potential of Brazil, Russia, India, and China is such that they could become among the four most dominant economies by the year 2050.
The acronym was coined by Jim O’Neill of Goldman Sachs in a 2001 paper entitled “The World Needs Better Economic BRICs”.
ADR is an acronym that stands for American Depositary Receipt. An ADR represents ownership in the shares of a non-U.S. company that trades in U.S. financial markets. ADRs enable investors to buy foreign companies on United State exchanges (NYSE, NASDAQ) and in US dollars while paying the same fees as other US listed securities. Additionally, companies that list ADRs are subject to the same compliance and laws as other US companies. ADRs do contain risk and can be extremely volatile.